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In Frontiers in psychiatry ; h5-index 0.0

Introduction: There exists over the past decades a constant debate driven by controversies in the validity of psychiatric diagnosis. This debate is grounded in queries about both the validity and evidence strength of clinical measures. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study is to construct a bottom-up unsupervised machine learning approach, where the brain signatures identified by three principal components based on activations yielded from the three kinds of diagnostically relevant stimuli are used in order to produce cross-validation markers which may effectively predict the variance on the level of clinical populations and eventually delineate diagnostic and classification groups. The stimuli represent items from a paranoid-depressive self-evaluation scale, administered simultaneously with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Results: We have been able to separate the two investigated clinical entities - schizophrenia and recurrent depression by use of multivariate linear model and principal component analysis. Following the individual and group MLM, we identified the three brain patterns that summarized all the individual variabilities of the individual brain patterns. Discussion: This is a confirmation of the possibility to achieve bottom-up classification of mental disorders, by use of the brain signatures relevant to clinical evaluation tests.

Stoyanov Drozdstoy, Kandilarova Sevdalina, Paunova Rositsa, Barranco Garcia Javier, Latypova Adeliya, Kherif Ferath

2019

classification, functional MRI, machine learning, psychopathology, validation