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In Health informatics journal ; h5-index 25.0

Medication errors often occurred due to the breach of medication rights that are the right patient, the right drug, the right time, the right dose and the right route. The aim of this study was to develop a medication-rights detection system using natural language processing and deep neural networks to automate medication-incident identification using free-text incident reports. We assessed the performance of deep neural network models in classifying the Advanced Incident Reporting System reports and compared the models' performance with that of other common classification methods (including logistic regression, support vector machines and the decision-tree method). We also evaluated the effects on prediction outcomes of several deep neural network model settings, including number of layers, number of neurons and activation regularisation functions. The accuracy of the models was measured at 0.9 or above across model settings and algorithms. The average values obtained for accuracy and area under the curve were 0.940 (standard deviation: 0.011) and 0.911 (standard deviation: 0.019), respectively. It is shown that deep neural network models were more accurate than the other classifiers across all of the tested class labels (including wrong patient, wrong drug, wrong time, wrong dose and wrong route). The deep neural network method outperformed other binary classifiers and our default base case model, and parameter arguments setting generally performed well for the five medication-rights datasets. The medication-rights detection system developed in this study successfully uses a natural language processing and deep-learning approach to classify patient-safety incidents using the Advanced Incident Reporting System reports, which may be transferable to other mandatory and voluntary incident reporting systems worldwide.

Wong Zoie Shui-Yee, So H Y, Kwok Belinda Sc, Lai Mavis Ws, Sun David Tf

2019-Dec-10

artificial intelligence, hospital incident reporting, medication errors, patient safety, text mining