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In Japanese journal of radiology ; h5-index 0.0

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE : The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance between apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) analysis of one-point measurement and whole-tumor measurement, including radiomics for differentiating pleomorphic adenoma (PA) from carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (CXPA), and to evaluate the impact of inter-operator segmentation variability.

MATERIALS AND METHODS : One hundred and fifteen patients with PA and 22 with CXPA were included. Four radiologists with different experience independently placed one-point and whole-tumor ROIs and a radiomics-predictive model was constructed from the extracted imaging features. We calculated the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) for the diagnostic performance of imaging features and the radiomics-predictive model.

RESULTS : AUCs of the imaging features from whole-tumor varied between readers (0.50-0.89). The most experienced radiologist (Reader 1) produced significantly high AUCs than less experienced radiologists (Reader 3 and 4; P = 0.01 and 0.009). AUCs were higher for the radiomics-predictive model (0.82-0.87) than for one-point (0.66-0.79) in all readers.

CONCLUSION : Some imaging features of whole-tumor and radiomics-predictive model had higher diagnostic performance than one-point. The diagnostic performance of imaging features from whole-tumor alone varied depending on operator experience. Operator experience appears less likely to affect diagnostic performance in the radiomics-predictive model.

Wada Takeshi, Yokota Hajime, Horikoshi Takuro, Starkey Jay, Hattori Shinya, Hashiba Jun, Uno Takashi

2019-Dec-09

Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, Diagnostic performance, Machine learning, Pleomorphic adenoma, Radiomics