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In Academic radiology ; h5-index 0.0

Recent years have seen digital technologies increasingly leveraged to multiply conventional imaging modalities' diagnostic power. Artificial intelligence (AI) is most prominent among these in the radiology space, touted as the "stethoscope of the 21st century" for its potential to revolutionize diagnostic precision, provider workflow, and healthcare expenditure. Partially owing to AI's unique characteristics, and partially due to its novelty, existing regulatory paradigms are not well suited to balancing patient safety with furthering the growth of this new sector. The current review examines the historic, current, and proposed regulatory treatment of AI-empowered medical devices by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). An innovative framework proposed by the FDA seeks to address these issues by looking to current good manufacturing practices (cGMP) and adopting a total product lifecycle (TPLC) approach. If brought into force, this may reduce the regulatory burden incumbent on developers, while holding them to rigorous quality standards, maximizing safety, and permitting the field to mature.

Harvey H Benjamin, Gowda Vrushab

2020-Jan

Artificial intelligence, FDA, Medical Device, Policy, Radiology, Regulation