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In Journal of cellular and molecular medicine ; h5-index 0.0

Oesophageal cancer (ESCA) is a clinically challenging disease with poor prognosis and health-related quality of life. Here, we investigated the transcriptome of ESCA to identify high risk-related signatures. A total of 159 ESCA patients of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were sorted by three phases. In the discovery phase, differentially expressed transcripts were filtered; in the training phase, two adjusted Cox regressions and two machine leaning models were used to construct and estimate signatures; and in the validation phase, prognostic signatures were validated in the testing dataset and the independent external cohort. We constructed two signatures from three types of RNA markers by Akaike information criterion (AIC) and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regressions, respectively, and all candidate markers were further estimated by Random Forest (RFS) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) algorithms. Both signatures had good predictive performances in the independent external oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cohort and performed better than common clinicopathological indicators in the TCGA dataset. Machine learning algorithms predicted prognosis with high specificities and measured the importance of markers to verify the risk weightings. Furthermore, the cell function and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining assays identified that the common risky marker FABP3 is a novel oncogene in ESCA.

Liu Tongyan, Fang Panqi, Han Chencheng, Ma Zhifei, Xu Weizhang, Xia Wenjia, Hu Jingwen, Xu Youtao, Xu Lin, Yin Rong, Wang Siwei, Zhang Qin


machine learning, oesophageal cancer, prognostic signature, transcription profile