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In Stroke ; h5-index 83.0

Background and Purpose- Hematoma volume measurements influence prognosis and treatment decisions in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The aims of this study are to derive and validate a fully automated segmentation algorithm for ICH volumetric analysis using deep learning methods. Methods- In-patient computed tomography scans of 300 consecutive adults (age ≥18 years) with spontaneous, supratentorial ICH who were enrolled in the ICHOP (Intracerebral Hemorrhage Outcomes Project; 2009-2018) were separated into training (n=260) and test (n=40) datasets. A fully automated segmentation algorithm was derived using convolutional neural networks, and it was trained on manual segmentations from the training dataset. The algorithm's performance was assessed against manual and semiautomated segmentation methods in the test dataset. Results- The mean volumetric Dice similarity coefficients for the fully automated segmentation algorithm when tested against manual and semiautomated segmentation methods were 0.894±0.264 and 0.905±0.254, respectively. ICH volumes derived from fully automated versus manual (R2=0.981; P<0.0001), fully automated versus semiautomated (R2=0.978; P<0.0001), and semiautomated versus manual (R2=0.990; P<0001) segmentation methods had strong between-group correlations. The fully automated segmentation algorithm (mean 12.0±2.7 s/scan) was significantly faster than both of the manual (mean 201.5±92.2 s/scan; P<0.001) and semiautomated (mean 288.58±160.3 s/scan; P<0.001) segmentation methods. Conclusions- The fully automated segmentation algorithm quantified hematoma volumes from computed tomography scans of supratentorial ICH patients with similar accuracy and substantially greater efficiency compared with manual and semiautomated segmentation methods. External validation of the fully automated segmentation algorithm is warranted.

Ironside Natasha, Chen Ching-Jen, Mutasa Simukayi, Sim Justin L, Marfatia Saurabh, Roh David, Ding Dale, Mayer Stephan A, Lignelli Angela, Connolly Edward Sander

2019-Nov-18

algorithm, cerebral hemorrhage, deep learning, hematoma, tomography