In Cancers ; h5-index 0.0
Objective: Early reports indicate that individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may have a greater incidence of breast malignancy than patients without T2DM. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of three different models for predicting risk of breast cancer in patients with T2DM of different characteristics. Study design and methodology: From 2000 to 2012, data on 636,111 newly diagnosed female T2DM patients were available in the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. By applying their data, a risk prediction model of breast cancer in patients with T2DM was created. We also collected data on potential predictors of breast cancer so that adjustments for their effect could be made in the analysis. Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technology (SMOTE) was utilized to increase data for small population samples. Each datum was randomly assigned based on a ratio of about 39:1 into the training and test sets. Logistic Regression (LR), Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Random Forest (RF) models were determined using recall, accuracy, F1 score and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Results: The AUC of the LR (0.834), ANN (0.865), and RF (0.959) models were found. The largest AUC among the three models was seen in the RF model. Conclusions: Although the LR, ANN, and RF models all showed high accuracy predicting the risk of breast cancer in Taiwanese with T2DM, the RF model performed best.
Hsieh Meng-Hsuen, Sun Li-Min, Lin Cheng-Li, Hsieh Meng-Ju, Hsu Chung Y, Kao Chia-Hung
artificial neural network, breast cancer, logistic regression, random forest, type II diabetes mellitus