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In Kidney international reports ; h5-index 0.0

Introduction : Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most severe manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), resulting in increased morbidity and mortality. The gold standard for diagnosis of LN is a renal biopsy. Considering the importance of the biopsy in determining long-term prognostication and treatment decisions, it is crucial to assess renal histopathology with utmost accuracy and precision. This review represents a systematic search of published literature to estimate the degree of interpathologist reproducibility in current assessment of LN.

Methods : Using the PubMed and Google Scholar search engines, studies analyzing the agreement of 4 or more pathologists assessing LN slides using the ISN/Renal Pathology Society (RPS) classification, activity index, and chronicity index were selected for analysis in this systematic review.

Results : In reviewing 6 qualifying studies (those analyzing the agreement of 4 or more pathologists using the ISN/RPS classification, activity index, and chronicity index) for the assignment of ISN/RPS class was 0.325 (interquartile range [IQR] 0.2405-0.425), which is "poor." The median interpathologist concordance values for the assigned activity index and chronicity index were "moderate": 0.52 (IQR 0.51-0.69) and 0.49 (IQR 0.36-0.58), respectively.

Conclusion : Thus, the current scoring using the ISN/RPS classification system and activity and chronicity indices for LN exhibits poor interpathologist agreement, which limits its use in clinical practice. Given that this can have severe repercussions on a patient's treatment and prognosis, efforts to update pathology assessment guidelines, objectively measurable biomarkers, and deep learning approaches are strongly warranted.

Dasari Shobha, Chakraborty Ashish, Truong Luan, Mohan Chandra


chronic kidney disease, glomerulonephritis, inflammation, kidney biopsy, lupus