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In Computational biology and chemistry ; h5-index 0.0

Protein function prediction is a crucial task in the post-genomics era due to their diverse irreplaceable roles in a biological system. Traditional methods involved cost-intensive and time-consuming molecular biology techniques but they proved to be ineffective after the outburst of sequencing data through the advent of cost-effective and advanced sequencing techniques. To manage the pace of annotation with that of data generation, there is a shift to computational approaches which are based on homology, sequence and structure-based features, protein-protein interaction networks, phylogenetic profiles, and physicochemical properties, etc. A combination of these features has proven to be promising for protein function prediction in terms of improving prediction accuracy. In the present work, we have employed a combination of features based on sequence, physicochemical property, subsequence and annotation features with a total of 9890 features extracted and/or calculated for 171,212 reviewed prokaryotic proteins of 9 bacterial phyla from UniProtKB, to train a supervised deep learning ensemble model with the aim to categorize a bacterial hypothetical/unreviewed protein's function into 1739 GO terms as functional classes. The proposed system being fully dedicated to bacterial organisms is a novel attempt amongst various existing machine learning based protein function prediction systems based on mixed organisms. Experimental results demonstrate the success of the proposed deep learning ensemble model based on deep neural network method with F1 measure of 0.7912 on the prepared Test dataset 1 of reviewed proteins.

Mishra Sarthak, Rastogi Yash Pratap, Jabin Suraiya, Kaur Punit, Amir Mohammad, Khatun Shabnam


Annotation based feature, Deep learning, Deep neural network, Function prediction, Hypothetical proteins, LeakyRelu, Molecular function, Motif, Nadam, Physicochemical feature, Reviewed protein, Sequence based feature