Receive a weekly summary and discussion of the top papers of the week by leading researchers in the field.

In Thoracic cancer ; h5-index 0.0

BACKGROUND : The main cause of cancer death is lung cancer (LC) which usually presents at an advanced stage, but its early detection would increase the benefits of treatment. Blood is particularly favored in clinical research given the possibility of using it for relatively noninvasive analyses. Copy number variation (CNV) is a common genetic change in tumor genomes, and many studies have indicated that CNV-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from plasma could be feasible as a biomarker for cancer diagnosis.

METHODS : In this study, we determined the possibility of using chromosomal arm-level CNV from cfDNA as a biomarker for lung cancer diagnosis in a small cohort of 40 patients and 41 healthy controls. Arm-level CNV distributions were analyzed based on z score, and the machine-learning algorithm Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) was applied for cancer prediction.

RESULTS : The results showed that amplifications tended to emerge on chromosomes 3q, 8q, 12p, and 7q. Deletions were frequently detected on chromosomes 22q, 3p, 5q, 16q, 10q, and 15q. Upon applying a trained XGBoost classifier, specificity and sensitivity of 100% were finally achieved in the test group (12 patients and 13 healthy controls). In addition, five-fold cross-validation proved the stability of the model. Finally, our results suggested that the integration of four arm-level CNVs and the concentration of cfDNA into the trained XGBoost classifier provides a potential method for detecting lung cancer.

CONCLUSION : Our results suggested that the integration of four arm-level CNVs and the concentration from of cfDNA integrated withinto the trained XGBoost classifier could become provides a potentially method for detecting lung cancer detection.

Yu Daping, Liu Zhidong, Su Chongyu, Han Yi, Duan XinChun, Zhang Rui, Liu Xiaoshuang, Yang Yang, Xu Shaofa

2019-Nov-06

CNV, XGBoost, cfDNA, early diagnosis, lung cancer