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In Optics express ; h5-index 0.0

We report on experimental implementation of a machine-learned quantum gate driven by a classical control. The gate learns optimal phase-covariant cloning in a reinforcement learning scenario having fidelity of the clones as reward. In our experiment, the gate learns to achieve nearly optimal cloning fidelity allowed for this particular class of states. This makes it a proof of present-day feasibility and practical applicability of the hybrid machine learning approach combining quantum information processing with classical control. The quantum information processing performed by the setup is equivalent to boson sampling, which, in complex systems, is predicted to manifest quantum supremacy over classical simulation of linear-optical setups.

Jašek Jan, Jiráková Kateřina, Bartkiewicz Karol, Černoch Antonín, Fürst Tomáš, Lemr Karel