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In European journal of radiology ; h5-index 47.0

PURPOSE : We developed and validated a radiomic model based on mammography and assessed its value for predicting the pathological diagnosis of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 4 calcifications.

MATERIALS AND METHODS : Patients with a total of 212 eligible calcifications were recruited (159 cases in the primary cohort and 53 cases in the validation cohort). In total, 8286 radiomic features were extracted from the craniocaudal (CC) and mediolateral oblique (MLO) images. Machine learning was used to select features and build a radiomic signature. The clinical risk factors were selected from the independent clinical factors through logistic regression analyses. The radiomic nomogram incorporated the radiomic signature and an independent clinical risk factor. The diagnostic performance of the radiomic model and the radiologists' empirical prediction model was evaluated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The differences between the various AUCs were compared with DeLong's test.

RESULTS : Six radiomic features and the menopausal state were included in the radiomic nomogram, which discriminated benign calcifications from malignant calcifications with an AUC of 0.80 in the validation cohort. The difference between the classification results of the radiomic nomogram and that of radiologists was significant (p < 0.05). Particularly for patients with calcifications that are negative on ultrasounds but can be detected by mammography (MG+/US- calcifications), the identification ability of the radiomic nomogram was very strong.

CONCLUSIONS : The mammography-based radiomic nomogram is a potential tool to distinguish benign calcifications from malignant calcifications.

Lei Chuqian, Wei Wei, Liu Zhenyu, Xiong Qianqian, Yang Ciqiu, Yang Mei, Zhang Liulu, Zhu Teng, Zhuang Xiaosheng, Liu Chunling, Liu Zaiyi, Tian Jie, Wang Kun

2019-Oct-20

Breast, Calcification, Predictive value of test, Radiomics, Unnecessary procedures