In Journal of biomedical semantics ; h5-index 23.0
BACKGROUND : Readmission after discharge from a hospital is disruptive and costly, regardless of the reason. However, it can be particularly problematic for psychiatric patients, so predicting which patients may be readmitted is critically important but also very difficult. Clinical narratives in psychiatric electronic health records (EHRs) span a wide range of topics and vocabulary; therefore, a psychiatric readmission prediction model must begin with a robust and interpretable topic extraction component.
RESULTS : We designed and evaluated multiple multilayer perceptron and radial basis function neural networks to predict the sentences in a patient's EHR that are associated with one or more of seven readmission risk factor domains that we identified. In contrast to our baseline cosine similarity model that is based on the methodologies of prior works, our deep learning approaches achieved considerably better F1 scores (0.83 vs 0.66) while also being more scalable and computationally efficient with large volumes of data. Additionally, we found that integrating clinically relevant multiword expressions during preprocessing improves the accuracy of our models and allows for identifying a wider scope of training data in a semi-supervised setting.
CONCLUSION : We created a data pipeline for using document vector similarity metrics to perform topic extraction on psychiatric EHR data in service of our long-term goal of creating a readmission risk classifier. We show results for our topic extraction model and identify additional features we will be incorporating in the future.
Holderness Eben, Miller Nicholas, Cawkwell Philip, Bolton Kirsten, Meteer Marie, Pustejovsky James, Hall Mei-Hua
Electronic health record, Machine learning, Natural language processing, Psychotic disorders, Risk prediction