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In Frontiers in genetics

DNA N6-methyladenine (6mA) is a dominant DNA modification form and involved in many biological functions. The accurate genome-wide identification of 6mA sites may increase understanding of its biological functions. Experimental methods for 6mA detection in eukaryotes genome are laborious and expensive. Therefore, it is necessary to develop computational methods to identify 6mA sites on a genomic scale, especially for plant genomes. Based on this consideration, the study aims to develop a machine learning-based method of predicting 6mA sites in the rice genome. We initially used mono-nucleotide binary encoding to formulate positive and negative samples. Subsequently, the machine learning algorithm named Random Forest was utilized to perform the classification for identifying 6mA sites. Our proposed method could produce an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.964 with an overall accuracy of 0.917, as indicated by the fivefold cross-validation test. Furthermore, an independent dataset was established to assess the generalization ability of our method. Finally, an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.981 was obtained, suggesting that the proposed method had good performance of predicting 6mA sites in the rice genome. For the convenience of retrieving 6mA sites, on the basis of the computational method, we built a freely accessible web server named iDNA6mA-Rice at http://lin-group.cn/server/iDNA6mA-Rice.

Lv Hao, Dao Fu-Ying, Guan Zheng-Xing, Zhang Dan, Tan Jiu-Xin, Zhang Yong, Chen Wei, Lin Hao

2019

N6-methyladenine, cross-validation, mono-nucleotide binary encoding, random forest, web-server