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In Foods (Basel, Switzerland)

Chocolates are the most common confectionery and most popular dessert and snack across the globe. The quality of chocolate plays a major role in sensory evaluation. In this study, a rapid and non-destructive method was developed to predict the quality of chocolate based on physicochemical data, and sensory properties, using the five basic tastes. Data for physicochemical analysis (pH, Brix, viscosity, and color), and sensory properties (basic taste intensities) of chocolate were recorded. These data and results obtained from near-infrared spectroscopy were used to develop two machine learning models to predict the physicochemical parameters (Model 1) and sensory descriptors (Model 2) of chocolate. The results show that the models developed had high accuracy, with R = 0.99 for Model 1 and R = 0.93 for Model 2. The thus-developed models can be used as an alternative to consumer panels to determine the sensory properties of chocolate more accurately with lower cost using the chemical parameters.

Gunaratne Thejani M, Gonzalez Viejo Claudia, Gunaratne Nadeesha M, Torrico Damir D, Dunshea Frank R, Fuentes Sigfredo


artificial neural networks, near infra-red spectroscopy, physicochemical measurements, sensory