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In Korean journal of radiology

OBJECTIVE : To retrospectively assess the effect of CT slice thickness on the reproducibility of radiomic features (RFs) of lung cancer, and to investigate whether convolutional neural network (CNN)-based super-resolution (SR) algorithms can improve the reproducibility of RFs obtained from images with different slice thicknesses.

MATERIALS AND METHODS : CT images with 1-, 3-, and 5-mm slice thicknesses obtained from 100 pathologically proven lung cancers between July 2017 and December 2017 were evaluated. CNN-based SR algorithms using residual learning were developed to convert thick-slice images into 1-mm slices. Lung cancers were semi-automatically segmented and a total of 702 RFs (tumor intensity, texture, and wavelet features) were extracted from 1-, 3-, and 5-mm slices, as well as the 1-mm slices generated from the 3- and 5-mm images. The stabilities of the RFs were evaluated using concordance correlation coefficients (CCCs).

RESULTS : The mean CCCs for the comparisons of original 1 mm vs. 3 mm, 1 mm vs. 5 mm, and 3 mm vs. 5 mm images were 0.41, 0.27, and 0.65, respectively (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). Tumor intensity features showed the best reproducibility while wavelets showed the lowest reproducibility. The majority of RFs failed to achieve reproducibility (CCC ≥ 0.85; 3.6%, 1.0%, and 21.5%, respectively). After applying the CNN-based SR algorithms, the reproducibility significantly improved in all three pairings (mean CCCs: 0.58, 0.45, and 0.72; p < 0.001 for all comparisons). The reproducible RFs also increased (36.3%, 17.4%, and 36.9%, respectively).

CONCLUSION : The reproducibility of RFs in lung cancer is significantly influenced by CT slice thickness, which can be improved by the CNN-based SR algorithms.

Park Sohee, Lee Sang Min, Do Kyung Hyun, Lee June Goo, Bae Woong, Park Hyunho, Jung Kyu Hwan, Seo Joon Beom


Computed tomography, Deep learning, Radiomics, Slice thickness