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In Arthritis research & therapy

BACKGROUND : This study investigates the association between exposure to urate-lowering drugs (ULDs) and progression and recovery from chronic kidney disease (CKD).

METHODS : We identified 5860 incident gout patients at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from 2012 to 2015. Propensity score (PS)-weighted Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for CKD progression and improvement. A separate analysis was conducted to assess the HR for CKD progression and CKD recovery among those with worsening CKD.

RESULTS : The incidence of CKD progression among allopurinol, febuxostat and uricosuric agent users were 1.98, 1.88 and 1.64 per 1000 person-days. Compared with allopurinol users, the PS-weighted HR (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) was 1.77 (0.85-1.76) for febuxostat users and 1.37 (0.71-1.37) for uricosuric agent users for CKD progression and 1.43 (1.26-1.62) for febuxostat users and 1.00 (0.88-1.14) for uricosuric agent users for CKD improvement. Compared to allopurinol users, the HRs for CKD progression were 1.14 (0.80-1.66) for febuxostat users and 0.92 (0.67-1.31) for uricosuric agent users. Among 741 patients who had CKD progression, the incidence of CKD recovery was 1.33, 6.21 and 3.53 per 1000 person-days for allopurinol, febuxostat and uricosuric agent users. The HRs (95% CIs) for recovery in febuxostat and uricosuric agent users were 2.17 (1.40-3.47) and 1.80 (1.20-2.83) compared to allopurinol users.

CONCLUSIONS : CKD progression and recovery are common in gout patients using ULDs. Febuxostat and benzbromarone were associated with a similar risk of CKD progression with allopurinol, which has a poorer recovery compared with other ULDs.

Chung Ting-Ting, Yu Kuang-Hui, Kuo Chang-Fu, Luo Shue-Fen, Chiou Meng-Jiun, Lan Wen-Ching, Chen Jung-Sheng, Tseng Wen-Yi, Hsieh Ao-Ho, Wang Lian-Chin


Allopurinol, Chronic kidney disease, Febuxostat, Gout, Renal function, Urate-lowering drug, Uricosuric agents