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In IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering : a publication of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

For Parkinson's disease (PD), efficient and fast monitoring of fine motor function is fundamental for capturing transient phenomena induced by deep brain stimulation (DBS), thus, enabling a fast and accurate tuning of stimulation parameters. Tuning of DBS parameters is important for obtaining a patientspecific optimal clinical effect and to regularly compensate for disease progress. We propose a fine motor function assessment framework for capturing transient DBS-induced changes. The main goals are to obtain a fast, repeatable, objective, robust, and DBS-sensitive motor-score, in addition to a high-dimensional characterization of motor components by means of an interpretable data-driven model. To achieve this, we combine a hand motor-task, termed the copy-draw test, with a linear model for analyzing features extracted from the proposed task. The approach was tested with four patients totaling eight sessions analyzed. Our approach delivers a motor-score that is sensitive to DBS-induced changes in motor function. It can be applied repeatedly within seconds. The interpretability of the underlying machine learning model provides a direct overview of the feature relevance. This analysis allows to detect and characterize single movement components that are sensitive to DBS. The proposed assessment framework is an useful tool to push forward the data-driven identification of PD-relevant neural markers. Consequent to this end, the source code of the paradigm is made publicly available.

Castano-Candamil Sebastian, Piroth Tobias, Reinacher Peter, Sajonz Bastian, Coenen Volker A, Tangermann Michael